Sex and sexuality, what’s the difference?

Sexuality and sex are not the same. For many this is confusing because most people use both terms as synonyms but they are completely different. One complements the other and is a natural part of life, but you have to learn the differences.

Sex and genitality

Everything related to human reproduction, genitals and/or the set of male and female organs falls within the definition of sex.

Sex is…

  • The structure and biological function of the male and female reproductive system.
  • The chromosomes that identify us as female XX and male XY.
  • Female external genitalia: mount of Venus, labia majora, labia minora, Bartolino’s glands, clitoris and vulva.
  • Female internal genitalia: vagina, uterus, uterine tubes, ovaries.
  • Male external genitalia: testicular pouch or scrotum and penis.
  • Male internal genitalia: testicles, canals, prostate, vesicles, urethra, epididymis, duct, bulbourethral glands.
  • Secondary sexual characteristics: breast enlargement in women and facial hair, as well as the growth of Adam’s apple and a higher voice in men.

Sexuality is a basic element of personality and way of being

Sexuality is personality

Sexuality goes far beyond the physical and biological aspect. It includes the genital anatomy of the male and female sex, but also the psychological conditions and the set of emotional and behavioural phenomena linked to the eroticism of each person.

Sexuality is a basic element of personality and way of being.

Sexuality is…

  • Biological sex of birth (male, female or intersexual).
  • Gender and gender identity: boy, girl, man, woman, transgender.
  • Sexual orientation: homosexual, heterosexual, bisexual, etc.
  • Body image. Feeling of satisfaction or dissatisfaction towards our body.
  • Culture and education, the environment in which we develop.
  • Wishes: thoughts and fantasies.
  • Erotic philosophies: sexual tastes, e. g. fetishism, taste for pornography, sadomasochistic behaviour.
  • Emotional life, interpersonal relationships, human relationships.
  • Eroticism and sexual intercourse.
  • Sex is biological, that’s how we are born, it’s part of nature. Sexuality involves our personality, it is chosen and developed from our experiences.

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